February 27, 2023
What is it?
Emergency contraception prevents pregnancy after you have had unprotected sex or if the contraception failed. Here are the two types of emergency contraception: the emergency contraceptive pill or the IUD/Coil. It should be noted that the emergency contraception is for emergencies, and should not be used as a form of consistent birth control as this can lead to health risks.
How does it work?
Emergency contraception must be taken within three days for Levonelle or 5 days of ellaOne after you have had unprotected sex. The IUD can be fitted up to five days after you have had unprotected sex. The emergency pill will not continue to protect you against pregnancy. If you have unprotected sex again you will need another pill. This is not a regular form of contraception. It's for emergencies.
When do you need to take it?
- If you forgot to take your pill
- If a condom split
- If you didn't put your patch or ring incorrectly.
What are the side effects?
- Stomach pain
- Changes in your period
- Nausea (you'll need to get medical attention if you are sick within 2 hours of having taken the pill).
How does the IUD work in emergencies?
The IUD can be inserted up to 5 days after having unprotected sex. The IUD is the most effective method of emergency contraception. However, the IUD may not be suitable if you have an untreated STI, problems with your womb/cervix or unexplained bleeding.
What are the side effects of the IUD?
- Womb damage
- IUD displacement
For further information and resources on emergency contraception please refer to the following:
Planned ParenthoodRead more
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