February 27, 2023
What is it?
Female sterilisation is an operation to permanently prevent pregnancy. The fallopian tubes are blocked or sealed to prevent the eggs reaching the sperm and becoming fertilised.
How does it work?
Sterilization prevents eggs from travelling down your fallopian tubes. Therefore, eggs cannot meet the sperm and fertilization cannot occur. This is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy but does not prevent STDs.
What happens during the procedure?
There are different kinds of sterilization. With a tubal ligation, the doctor will either block or remove small sections of your fallopian tubes. With a bilateral salpingectomy, the doctor will remove your tubes completely. There are a few different ways to do sterilization procedures.
Laparoscopy: you will receive a local or general anesthetic. They then pump gas into your stomach and use a laparoscope to find your fallopian tubes. These are then closed off or removed completely through the laparoscope or a second cut. This procedure takes around 20-30 minutes.
Minilaparotomy: this procedure is usually done after childbirth. A small cut is made near the belly button (with anesthetic). The fallopian tubes are then brought up through the cut and a small section of the tubes is removed and your tubes are blocked with clips, or entirely removed. This procedure will take a couple of days to recover from.
Benefits of sterilization:
- Sterilization is very effective
- It is convenient
- Does not change your hormones
- Can improve your sex life
Disadvantages of sterilization:
- It is permanent
- Can have some health risks
- Can prevent STDs
For further information on female sterilization please refer to the following resources:
Planned ParenthoodRead more
Mayo ClinicRead more NHS
<a href="https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception/female-sterilisation/" class="freyjabutton">Read more</a>
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