The IUD Explained

FreyjaFreyja

February 27, 2023

What is it? 

The Intrauterine device (IUD) is a type of long-acting reversible contraception that is placed inside the uterus. Some IUDs are non-hormonal and others are hormonal, containing the progestin levonorgestrel. IUD's are a highly effective form on of birth control. Out of 100 people who use an IUD, less than 1 will become pregnant within the first year. Once an IUD is placed, it can be used for three to 10 years depending on the type.

Does it hurt? 

We'll be honest with you. Getting an IUD inserted isn't the most fun way to spend a day, and yes, it does hurt. You can take pain killers before the insertion with may help to ease the pain and cramping. After the first 48 hours you shouldn't feel any more discomfort.

Do IUD's cause infections or affect long term fertility? 

The risk of pelvic infection associated with IUD use is very low. Likewise, modern IUDs do not affect future fertility. Data from several studies show that among people who removed their IUD at the average age of 25 to 31, in order to become pregnant, 71-91% of IUD users became pregnant within their first year of removal.

Side Effects 

Changes to your period are common with IUDs. Irregular bleeding and spotting is most common in the first few months. The hormonal IUDs cause a decrease in bleeding and so you may not get a period for a couple of years, bit it will return when you remove the IUD.

Will your partner feel it? 

Partners may be able to feel the IUD during sex. However, you can always get your doctor to cut the IUD strings shorter if this becomes a problem.


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